What is Common Law Admission Test (CLAT)?

Common Law Admission Test(CLAT) is a common all India level entrance test conducted by the 16 National Universities in India for the selection into the under graduate and post graduate level courses in Indian National Law Universities.

Why CLAT exam is conducted?

CLAT exam makes the law aspirants to study under graduate programme and post graduate programme such as LLB and LLM respectively under one of the 16 National Law Universities in India. Here is the list of 16 National Law Universities;

Name of the Institution and Location 

  1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore
  2. Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad
  3. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
  4. National Law Institute University, Bhopal
  5. National Law University, Jodhpur 
  6. Hidayatullah National Law University Raipur 
  7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
  8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow
  9. Chanakya National Law University, Patna
  10. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
  11. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
  12. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi
  13. National Law University, Orissa
  14. Cuttack National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam Guwahati
  15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University Visakhapatnam
  16. Tamil Nadu National Law School, Srirangam


Who is eligible for CLAT?

• Candidates should have passed Higher Secondary School/Intermediate Examination (10+2) or its equivalent examination with not less than 50% marks in aggregate (45% in case of SC/ST/OBC and persons with Disability) for the under graduate courses.

• There is no age bar for appearing in CLAT • Candidates appearing in the qualifying examination can also appear provisionally. However, they shall have to produce proof of having passed the qualifying examination before or at the time of admission with detailed mark sheet.

• Candidate with compartment/supplementary in any subject in the qualifying examination will not be eligible for admission. • Students whose results are awaited can also appear in the test.

• LL. B/B. L. Degree or an equivalent degree from a recognized University with not less than 55% marks in aggregate (50% in case of SC and ST candidates) for the post graduate courses.

What is the syllabus of CLAT ?

English Grammer

Active voice and passive voice, article, preposition, verbs formation & usage, concord, modals, Idioms and phrases, antonyms, synonyms, reading comprehension, sentence sequencing, spotting error and using appropriate word.

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

India and word geography & history, freedom struggles, Indian economy, Indian constitution, national insignia, international organizations, basis general knowledge & general science, chemistry, physics, biology and computers. The questions based on current affairs will be from the last 1 to 2 years.

Elementary Mathematics

The syllabus in the math section is up to 10th class including LCM, HCF, numbers, simplification, decimal fraction, average, square & cube roots, problems on number and age, profit & loss, percentage, ratio & proportion, time & work, chain rule, time & distance, pipe & cistern, boats & streams, simple & compound interest, clock & calendars, volume & surface area, combinations and problem on trains.

Legal Aptitude

All questions will be framed as legal propositions with the set of facts. The candidates will have to assume the truth and answer the questions accordingly. It includes legal studies like international law, criminal law, Indian constitution, legal terms, legal maxims, family law, contracts and torts.

Logical & Critical Reasoning

Classification, analog, series completion, logical diagram, direction sense, puzzle test, blood relation, inserting the missing character, arithmetical reasoning, the alphabet test, mathematical operation, assumptions, basic of logic, effect & syllogisms and evaluating inferences.

Examination pattern of CLAT

Total Marks: 200 Number of Questions: 200 Duration: 2 hours Negative Marking: 1/4th marks will be deducted for every incorrect answer.


English (including comprehension)   40 marks

Elementary Mathematics                      20 marks

General Knowledge/Current Affairs    50 marks

Logical Reasoning                                 40 marks

Legal Reasoning                                    50 marks